Renna’s pregnancy was going well when all of sudden she got a diagnosis and found pregnancy anemia….She amazed, How could this be possible. After all, she was taking a perfect pregnancy diet and taking best natural prenatal. Even, she is not a vegetarian.
What is the need for iron in the human body?
- Iron is a mineral that found in enzymes and proteins which the body needs to stay healthy. Most of the iron in the body found inside hemoglobin, the pigment in red blood cells.
- The human body uses an iron to make hemoglobin (a substance in red blood cells that transports oxygen throughout your body). Hemoglobin transports oxygen to all of the tissues and organs in the body. If the amount of iron in the blood is not enough, the amount of hemoglobin in the blood decreases too. This can cause a reduction of oxygen supply to cells and organs.
- During pregnancy, the body supplies oxygen and blood to the baby which leads to increased demand for iron to keep up with the increase in blood supply. So there is a need of about twice the amount of iron i.e. 27 mg per day, than when you’re not pregnant.
Deficiency of iron causes Anemia:
- Anemia causes a feeling of tiredness and weakness.
- Iron-deficiency anemia: This type of anemia takes place when the body doesn’t have the required amount of iron to produce adequate amounts of hemoglobin. That is a protein in red blood cells. It carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body.
- In iron-deficiency, the blood cannot carry the required amount of oxygen to tissues throughout the body.
- During pregnancy, a woman’s iron needs increase. It estimated that 18% of pregnant women are iron deficient.
Daily oral iron and folic acid supplementation with 30 mg to 60 mg of elemental iron and 400 µg (0.4 mg) of folic acid taken by pregnant women to prevent maternal anemia, puerperal sepsis, low birth weight, and preterm birth.
- A) An equivalent of 60 mg of elemental iron is 300 mg ferrous sulfate heptahydrate, 180 mg ferrous fumarate or 500 mg of ferrous gluconate.
- B) Folic acid should be commenced as early as possible to prevent neural tube defects.
Foods high in iron
All the iron-containing foods are not created equal.
There are two types of iron:
- Heme and non-Heme.
Non-Heme iron is mainly found in, dried fruits eggs, whole grains, vegetables, beans and iron-fortified products.
Heme iron comes from animal sources, such as poultry, fish, and red meat. The human body absorbs Heme iron better, so it’s better to focus on those foods which help us to keep levels up during pregnancy
Some iron-rich supplements include:
Raisins (half a cup) — 1.6 mg
Kidney beans (1 cup) — 5.2 mg
Lima beans (1 cup) — 4.5 mg
Soybeans (1 cup) — 8.8 mg
Iron-fortified ready-to-eat cereal — 18 mg
Lentils (1 cup) — 6.6 mg
Beef liver (3 ounces) — 5.2 mg
Chicken liver (3 ounces) — 11 mg
Iron-fortified instant oatmeal — 11 mg
Oysters (3 ounces, canned) — 5.7 mg
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