Coronavirus and Asthma

Coronavirus is a type of virus found in animals but can spread to human beings. In 2019 December, an illness known as COVID-19 started spreading. It is caused by the SARC-CoV-2 virus. Few experts say that this virus was caught by live animals and fish in the market. Now it has started spreading rapidly from one person to another. 

 According to the WHO (World Health Organisation), common symptoms are:

  • Fever
  • Cough (dry cough)
  • Tiredness
  • Shortness of breath and 
  • Weakness. 

Some new symptoms are added recently which includes:

  • Chills
  • Muscle pain
  • Repeated shaking with chills
  • Loss of taste or smell
  • Sore throat
  • Headache

The virus can spread through sneeze, cough or while talking. The virus comes out into the air in the form of droplets. The droplets fall to the surface/ground very quickly because these droplets are heavy. If the infected person is within 2 meters near you or if an infected person coughs near your face, you may get affected too. Some studies have also shown that people with good immunity power do not even show any symptoms of COVID-19 but will spread the coronavirus unknowingly.  

Prevents infection
Always wear mask

Therefore, WHO recommends people to wear masks and follow social distancing to avoid spreading of this virus. Also, after using the tissue for coughing or sneezing throw it away and also wash your hands frequently especially after coughing or sneezing. Further, the virus stays in a place where people coughed on. Hence, if any person touches that surface with the virus and touches your nose, eyes, or mouth, you will be affected too. 

Risk from COVID-19

People with chronic lung disorders like asthma have a higher risk of hospitalisation for COVID-19.

According to WHO, a higher risk group of people include:

  • People suffering from chronic lung disorders like asthma.
  • People above age 65.
  • Pregnant ladies.
  • People who are caring for a COVID-19 patient.
  • People with other complicate medical conditions like:
  • High blood pressure,
  • Diabetes,
  • Heart disease,
  • People with BMI (Body Mass Index) above 40,
  • Liver disease
  • Cancer patients,
  • Renal failure.
  • Further, people suffering from asthma should take more precautions when there is any kind of respiratory-related illnesses spreading in the community. 

WHO has given some guidelines for people at high risk: 

  • Firstly, stock the supplies for up to 30 to 40 days.
  • Follow social distancing.
  • Avoid connecting with sick people, limit close contact.
  • Don’t share food, makeup, eating utensils and dishes. 
  • Wash hands frequently.
  • Try to avoid crowded places as much as possible.
  • Totally avoid non-essential travels.
  • Disinfect and clean home regularly, also cars, car door handles, steering wheel, light switches and doorknobs at home, etc.
  • Furthermore, it is better to stay at home because essential things are supplied to your homes through delivery services. Contact a nearby doctor to seek help if you are suffering from flu or cold. Antiviral medications are available if you have flu.  

Also, asthma medication should be taken every day to control asthma. 

Some pollen allergies can also affect asthma people causing seasonal allergies. Hence follow allergy treatment to control these allergic effects to prevent asthma attacks or episodes.

Lastly, the only important thing is to keep asthma under control. Call the doctor immediately if asthma is not under control.

Manage asthma to reduce the risk from COVID-19

  • Keep the preventer inhaler every day as prescribed. This helps in reducing theirs of getting infected by other respiratory viruses including coronavirus. 
  • Always carry reliever inhaler every day to avoid flaring up of asthma symptoms.
Carry inhalers everyday
Carry inhalers regularly
  • Track down the state of your asthma condition so that if any symptoms are seen due to coronavirus can get differentiated from asthma. 
  • Therefore, quit smoking as it increases the risk of lung damage and infected from COVID-19. 
  • Contact doctor if you get cold, any respiratory issues or cold. 

Developing COVID-19 symptoms and also you have asthma (Coronavirus and Asthma)

  • Stay at home that is no longer infecting others when you especially have coronavirus and asthma.
  • If the symptoms persist for more days and breathing becomes difficult to try to contact your doctor and let them know about your situation. 
  • Call emergency care if symptoms are getting worse. 
  • Please ensure the symptoms difference between asthma and coronavirus.
  • Carry on taking your regular asthma medications. 
  • Follow the asthma plan to control asthma so that you are maintaining it well. If you have an asthma attack you can contact emergency help.
  • Also, if somebody you stay with develops symptoms of COVID-19, you and everyone else in the house should stay at home for at least 14 days.

What happens if asthma is getting worse

  • Contact the doctor if you feel asthma is getting worse. Let doctors know about your symptoms.
  • Explain to them how often you use reliever inhaler. 
  • Hence, follow the instructions given by your doctor.

Asthma and Anxious

  • People with asthma tell that they feel anxious and concerned about coronavirus. Ideas include:
  • Make sure to take care of yourself, so that you can cope with whatever happens.
  • Watch out on bad habits like alcohol consumption. Make sure you practice some physical activity.
Meditating
Meditation
  • Look through reliable sources for more information on asthma and COVID-19.
  • Therefore, stay connected with families and friends so that your worries are shared and relieved. 

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