Childhood obesity

Childhood Obesity

Childhood obesity is a life-threatening condition which affects from childhood to adolescents. When the weight for a particular age and height crossed then the child/adult considered as obese.

INTRODUCTION TO CHILDHOOD OBESITY

Obesity in childhood has come to epidemic stage both in developing and developed countries. It has a remarkable effect on psychological and physical health condition.

Childhood obesity is a very serious issue because a child carrying the extra weight pushes them to face health problems such as high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular problem and even high cholesterol content in the body. It is a hereditary emblem which transfers to their future generation hence obese child grows to an obese adult. Childhood obesity can also cause depression.

One best solution is to prevent this disease from their childhood by maintaining good dietary habits and performing physical activity. Thus, one can help their children to prevent and treat so that they can have a healthy life now and in the future too.

CONSULTING A DOCTOR

If you find that your child weight is increasing day by day firstly, consulting a doctor must be a primary decision.  A doctor will discuss the child’s history food habits, growth as well as their health and development. So, this consultation might help parents to decide and know the healthy or unhealthy range of their children.

OBESITY EPIDEMIC

In India, around 5.74% to 8.82% of school children are found to be obese.

Urban South Indian reports stated that 21.4% of boys and 18.5% of girls are either overweight or obese.
Recent reports from WHO has shown that 22% prevalence rate of childhood obesity seen in adults and children aged 5-19.  Globally, around 41 million children under the age of five are overweight or obese in 2014.

Obesity range in 2001-2005 was about 5.5% and 4.0% in 2006-2010 later it increased to 4.6% in 2010. 2017 survey says that 14.4 million kids are found to be obese in India and India is now in the second position of having obese children while China stands first. Therefore, the results of obesity and overweight prevalence are increasing day by day.

CAUSES OF CHILDHOOD OBESITY

  1. GENETICS – It plays an important role as transferred from parents to children and similarly from child to adult.

    obesity
    Obese parents with their obese children.
  2. DIETARY HABITS – High-calorie foods, fast foods, baked items causes weight gain. Even pastries, sugary drinks, desserts are prone to increase in body weight.
    foods causing obesity
    High-calorie food chocolate cakes.

    food causing obesity
    Children love cheese foods especially pizza causing obesity.
  3. LACK OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY – Recent technologies, mobile, laptops, television, and video games, therefore, making children lazy and thus body lacks physical activity which does not burn calories finally causing obesity.

    lack of physical activity
    Children playing on the laptop instead of outdoor games.
  4. SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS – Some places may not have access to supermarkets or they may have limited resources. In such case people tend to buy things which are easily available like frozen foods, cookies, etc thus these food causes weight gain.
  5. PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS – Some children think eating may help them to relieve problems such as personal, family issues etc. Due to stress caused to children shows a high risk of obesity.

OBESITY PROBLEMS

1. PHYSICAL PROBLEMS 

2. PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS

PHYSICAL PROBLEMS:

  1. Diabetes,
  2. Apnea (sleep disorder),
  3. High blood pressure,
  4. High cholesterol level,
  5. Asthma.

PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS:

  1. Low self-confident,
  2. Depression,
  3. Anxiety,
  4. Poor learning skills.

BMI GRADE

BMI (BODY MASS INDEX) measures body fat with the help of weight and height of the body. A BMI grade can compare from one child to the other of the same gender and age. BMI grade of an 85th percent or above considered to be at a high risk of being obese.

The link below helps to calculate BMI:

https://www.ahealz.com/bmi-calculator

HOW TO PREVENT CHILDHOOD OBESITY?

  • Children’s favorite dishes can be made healthier.
  • Drinking water helps in preventing a lot of health problems.
  • Good food habits such as vegetables, fruits instead of ice-cream biscuits.
  • Teaching children about the quantity of food to be taken.
  • Practicing 1-hour physical exercise per day.
  • Encouraging them to play outdoor games.

CONCLUSION

Obesity in childhood is a growing issue but it will reduce if people mainly focus on their causes. There are soo many critical problems associated with obesity. A fixed diet and some physical exercise are more sufficient to prevent one from obesity.

A healthier way of living at home by adopting healthy food habits can help people and their children to avoid obesity because habits start from childhood and continue life-long hence healthy eating habits, exercising shall help children to adopt these habits everywhere and anywhere.

As a result, makes children select only nutritional food in school or other places such as restaurants. Therefore, the core problem initiated is due to causes, prevention and avoiding these causes can lead parents and children to a healthier and happy life.

REFERENCES

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/301304049_Epidemiology_of_childhood_overweight_obesity_in_India_A_systematic_review

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4408699/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4367021/

https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/causes.html

 

 

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